After installed or upgraded to Ubuntu 14.10, known by its codename ‘Utopic Unicorn’, there are a few things should do to get it up and running in tip-top shape.
Whether you’ve performed a fresh install or upgrade an existing version, here’s checklist of post-install tasks to get started with.
1. Get Acquainted
The majority of changes rocking up in Ubuntu 14.10 aren’t immediately visible (save for some new wallpapers). That said, there are a bunch of freshly updated apps to get familiar with.
Preinstalled are the latest versions of workhouse staples Mozilla Firefox, Thunderbird, and LibreOffice. Dig a little deeper and you’ll also find Evince 3.14, and a brand new version of the “Ubuntu Web Browser” app, used for handling web-apps.
While you’re getting familiar, be sure to fire up the Software Updater tool to check for any impromptu issues Ubuntu has found and fixed post-release.
2. Personalise The Desktop
It’s your desktop PC, so don’t put off making it look, feel and behave how you like.
Your first port of call might be changing the desktop wallpaper to one of the twelve stunning new backgrounds included in 14.10, ranging from retro record player to illustrated unicorn.
Wallpapers and a host of other theme and layout options are accessible from the Appearance Settings pane of the System Settings app.
From here you can:
- Switch to a different theme
- Adjust launcher size & behaviour
- Enable workspaces & desktop icons
- Put app menus back into app windows
3. Install Graphics Card Drivers
If you plan on playing the latest Steam games, watching high-definition video or working with graphically intensive software you’ll want to enable the latest Linux graphics drivers available for your hardware.
Ubuntu makes this easy:
- Open up the Software & Updates tool from the Unity Dash
- Click the ‘Additional Drivers‘ tab
- Follow any on-screen prompts to check, install and apply changes
4. Enable Music & Video Codecs
Games sorted, now to make music and video files work just as well.
Most popular formats, .mp3, .m4a, .mov, etc., will work fine in Ubuntu — after a little cajoling. Patent-encumbered codecs cannot ship in Ubuntu for legal reasons, leaving you unable to play popular audio and video formats out of the (invisible) box.
To play music or watch video you can install all of the codecs you need quickly, and through the Ubuntu Software Center:
Install Third-Party Codecs
5. Pimp Your Privacy
The Unity Dash is a great one-stop hub for finding stuff, be it a PDF file lurking on your computer or the current weather forecast in Stockholm, Sweden.
But the diversity of data surfaced through the Dash in just a few keystrokes doesn’t suit everyone’s needs. So you may want to dial down the noise and restrict what shows up.
To stop certain files and folders from searched in the Dash and/or to disable all ‘online’ results returned for a query, head to the Privacy & Security section in System Settings.
Here you’ll find all the tools, options and configuration switches you need, including options to:
- Choose what apps & files can be searched from the Dash
- Whether to require a password on waking from suspend
- Disable sending error reports to Canonical
- Turn off all ‘online’ features of the Dash
6. Swap The Default Apps For Your Faves
Ubuntu comes preloaded with a tonne of apps, including a web browser (Mozilla Firefox), e-mail client (Thunderbird), music player (Rhythmbox), office suite (LibreOffice) and instant messenger (Empathy Instant Messenger).
All well and good, they’re not everyone’s cup of tea. The Ubuntu Software Center is home to a slew of app alternatives, including:
- VLC – Versatile media player
- Steam – Games distribution platform
- Geary — Easy-to-use desktop e-mail app
- GIMP – Advanced image editor similar to Photoshop
- Clementine — Stylish, fully-featured music player
- Chromium – open-source version of Google Chrome (without Flash)
The Ubuntu Software Center plays host to a huge range of other apps, many of which you might not have heard of before. Since most apps are free, don’t be scared to try things out!
7. Grab The Essentials
Software Center apps aside, you may also wish to grab big-name apps like Skype, Spotify and Dropbox.
Google Chrome is also a must if you wish to watch Netflix natively on Ubuntu or benefit from the latest, safest version of Flash.
Most of these apps are available to download directly from their respective websites and can be installed on Ubuntu with a couple of clicks.
The items above are not the only ones applicable post-upgrade. Read through and follow the ones that chime with you, and feel free to ignore those that don’t.
Secondly, this is a list for those who’ve upgraded to or installed Ubuntu 14.10. We’re not going walk you through carving it up into something that isn’t Ubuntu. If Unity isn’t your thing that’s fine, but be logical about it; save yourself some time and install one of the official flavours or offshoots instead.